product geometry

The euclidean space $\mathbb E^3$

The euclidean space corresponds to the “usual” 3D geometry we learn at school. It is the geometry of the flat real 3-dimensional vector space $\mathbb R^3$.

The product geometry $S^2 \times \mathbb E$

This geometry is the cartesian product of the two-sphere and the real line. It can be also seen as the universal cover of the product $M = S^2 \times S^1$ where $S^2$ is the two-sphere and $S^1$ the unit circle.

The product geometry $\mathbb H^2 \times \mathbb E$

This geometry is the cartesian product of the hyperbolic plane and the real line. It can be also seen as the universal cover of the product $M = \Sigma_g \times S^1$ where $\Sigma_g$ is a compact surface of genus $g \geq 2$ and $S^1$ the unit circle.